Be about to 不可跟時間詞連用

  • I was about to call you. (我正要打電話給你) (正)
  • I was about to call you in ten minutes. (我正要在十分鐘內打電話給你) (誤)

解說:Be about to (do something) 意為「正要;剛要;即將;將要 (做某事)」,經常與 just 連用來加強語氣。Be (just) about to 係用來指即將或很快就會發生的事情,但它不能與時間詞連用。再舉一例:

  • I was just about to leave when the phone rang. (我正要走時電話響了) (正)
  • I was just about to leave in ten minutes when the phone rang. (我正要在十分鐘內走時電話響了) (誤)

換言之,若句中有時間詞,就不能使用 be about to,而要用現在簡單式。例如:

  • Hurry up! The professor is about to leave! (快點!教授就要離開了!) (正)
  • Hurry up! The professor is about to leave in ten minutes! (快點!教授就要在十分鐘內離開了!) (誤)
  • Hurry up! The professor leaves in ten minutes! (快點!教授十分鐘內就要離開了!) (正)
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