cling on; cling on to; cling to; clock in/on; clock out/off; clock up

cling on
抓緊
I told him to cling on as the motorbike accelerated. (摩托車加速時,我叫他抓緊)

cling on to +
抓緊;抓住
They clung on to power despite the protests. (儘管遭到抗議,他們仍緊抓權力不放)

cling to +
黏著,纏著;緊握不放;堅持;堅守
The little boy clings to her mother. (小男孩黏著媽媽不放)
I am not a man who clings to old ideas. (我不是一個墨守舊觀念的人)
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choke back/down; choke down; choke off; choke up; chow down

choke * back/down +
強忍住;克制住
John choked back his anger. (約翰強忍住怒火)
The student choked back tears as she described what had happened. (這位學生強忍住淚水描述事情的經過)
Helen tried to choke down the urge to slap his face. (海倫試圖忍住打他耳光的衝動)

choke * down +
困難地嚥下;硬吞下
Emma did not like the food but she managed to choke it down. (艾瑪不喜歡那些食物,但還是勉強嚥了下去)

choke * off +
勸阻;阻止;制止;停止
The woman kept talking and nobody could choke her off. (那個女人說個不停,沒人能阻止她)
The power outage choked off the supply of electricity in most areas. (停電使大部分地區都沒電)

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cast out; cast up; catch up in; chat away; chew off

cast * out +
把…趕走;驅逐;逐出
After the scandal, John was cast out of the company. (發生那樁醜聞後,約翰被公司開除了)
They cast him out because of his behavior. (由於他行為不當,他們把他趕走了)

cast * up +
把…沖上岸
A body was cast up last night. (昨晚有具屍體被沖上岸)
Pieces of rubbish are cast up all along the coast. (整個海岸都是被沖上來的垃圾)

cast * up +
計算;把 (數字) 加起來
Please cast up these numbers for me. (請替我把這些數字加起來)

catch up in +
(被) 捲入或陷入…之中 (通常用被動態,即 be/get caught up in)
Rob got caught up in a clash between protesters and the police. (羅伯被困在抗議民眾與警方的衝突之中)
Mary was caught up in the anti-nuclear movement. (瑪麗投身於反核運動)

chat away
閒談,聊天
The doctor chatted away as he examined my eyes. (醫生一邊檢查我的眼睛,一邊聊著天)

chew * off +
咬掉,咬斷
The dog chewed off the man’s fingers. (那隻狗咬斷該男子的手指)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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carry away; cast about/around/round for; cast aside; cast off

carry away
(某人) 興奮得失去控制,激動得不知所措,得意忘形。都以 be/get carried away 的型態出現。
There’s far too much money – I got carried away. (這麼多的錢 - 我激動得不知所措)
Let’s not get carried away. The deal could still fall through. (我們先別得意忘形,交易仍可能失敗)

cast about/around/round for +
搜尋,四處尋找;試圖找出,試圖想出
They’re casting about for support. (他們正到處尋找支援)
She was casting around for people to help her. (她四處找人幫她)
He cast round desperately for something to say. (他搜索枯腸找話說)

cast * aside +
拋棄;丟掉
He cast her aside. (他把她拋棄了)
She has cast her old friends aside. (她把老朋友都撇在一邊)
As soon as he got a new cellphone, he cast aside the old one. (他一有了新手機,就把舊的扔掉了)

cast * off +
擺脫;拋棄
His hometown is still trying to cast off its dull image. (他的家鄉仍在努力擺脫其單調沈悶的形象)

cast off
(船舶) 解纜啟航
The ship was scheduled to cast off at 10 a.m. (這艘船定於早上十點啟航)

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build around; build in; build into; build on; bulk up

build * around
圍繞;以 … 為中心
His whole campaign was built around fighting injustice. (他的整個競選活動以打擊不公不義為主軸)

build * in
(通常用被動態) 使成為組成部分
The difficulties seem to be built in. (困難似乎無法避免)

build into +
(通常用被動態) 使成為組成部分;使成為不可分割的一部份
The difficulties are built into the work. (做這項工作必然會碰到困難)
Security has been built into the project. (這項計畫勢必會有安全上的問題)
The rate of pay was built into his contract. (工資率已訂入他的合約)

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breed out; brick in; brick up; buckle down; buckle under; buckle up

breed * out +
在人工繁殖過程中消除 (某種特性、特徵等)
Cruelty and aggression have not yet been bred out of these animals. (殘忍和侵略性還未能在這些動物的人工繁殖過程中消除)

brick * in +
用磚堵住
The windows were all bricked in. (窗戶全用磚堵起來了)

brick * up +
用磚堵住
We bricked up a window/doorway/fireplace to prevent draughts. (我們用磚把窗戶/門口/壁爐堵住以防止進風)

buckle down
開始認真工作或努力做某事 (與 knuckle down 同義)
We had to buckle down and study for the exam. (我們必須開始好好唸書準備考試)

buckle under
屈服,屈從 (與 knuckle under 同義)
We didn’t like the ideas, but had to buckle under or face the sack. (我們不喜歡這些構想,但不得不屈從,否則將面臨被解雇的命運)

buckle up
(在汽車、飛機等上) 繫好安全帶
The passengers were told to buckle up before take-off. (乘客被告知起飛前繫好安全帶)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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book out; bow in; bow out; bow to; break for

book out
結帳或辦理手續離開旅館
We’d like to book out early in the morning. (我們想明天一早就辦理手續離開旅館)

bow * in
鞠躬引進;恭敬地迎入
The owner of the restaurant bowed them in when they arrived. (他們來到餐廳時,老闆恭敬地將他們迎了進去)

bow * out
鞠躬送出;鞠躬退出
The waiters bowed the customers out as they left. (客人離開時,服務生鞠躬送出)
When leaving the presence of the king, you have to bow yourself out as you go. (你離開國王御前時得鞠躬退出去)

bow out
退出 (比賽等);引退;退休
John bowed out of the competition because of unknown reasons. (約翰不知什麼原因退出了比賽)
Our chief executive officer has decided to bow out early. (我們執行長已決定提前引退)

bow to +
向 (重要人物) 鞠躬致敬;屈服;服從;順從
All the officials in the conference room bowed to the President as he entered. (總統進入會議室時,所有官員都向他鞠躬致敬)
The government bowed to pressure and held the bill back. (政府屈服於壓力,撤回法案)
We must bow to their wishes. (我們必須順從他們的願望)

break for +
(為了逃走而) 跑向;逃往
Cindy had to hold him back as he tried to break for the door. (當他衝向大門試圖逃走時,辛蒂不得不攔阻他)
The police are assuming they’ll break for the border. (警方推定他們會逃往邊界)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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belong to; bitch up; board out; board up; board with

belong to +
是 … 的成員
What political party do you belong to? (你是哪個政黨的黨員?)

belong to +
屬於
Your idea belongs to the nineteenth century and seems old-fashioned now. (你的觀念屬於 19 世紀,現在似乎過時了)
These two smartphones belong to Peter. (這兩支智慧型手機都是彼得的)

bitch * up +
把 … 弄糟/搞砸;破壞
I bitched the interview up. (我把面談搞砸了)

board * out +
安排 (人員、寵物) 在外住宿 (英)
We board our cat out with friends when we’re away on holiday. (我們外出度假時都會把貓放在朋友那裡寄養)
The children were boarded out with their uncle when we went abroad. (我們出國時,孩子們被安排住在他們叔叔那裡)

board * up +
用木板封住或擋住 (門、窗)
They boarded up all the windows to stop people getting into the empty houses. (他們用木板封住所有窗戶以防人們進入空屋)
All the windows were boarded up. (所有窗戶都用木板封住了)

board with +
在 (某人處) 搭伙
Joan boarded with a Chinese family. (瓊安在一個華人家裡搭伙)

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back into; bargain for/on; beat out

back * into +
倒車入庫
I prefer to back my car into the garage. (我比較喜歡倒車入庫)

bargain for/on +
預期,預料 (某事會發生) (通常用於否定句)
I hadn’t bargained for such a long wait. (我沒料到會等這麼久)
Mary didn’t bargain for her husband returning so soon. (瑪麗沒有料到她先生會回來得這麼快)
The exam was more difficult than I had bargained for. (這次考試之難出乎我的意料之外)
We hadn’t bargained on so many people coming. (我們沒料到會有這麼多人來)

beat out +
險勝,打敗 (美)
The marathon runner barely beat out his rival at the tape. (那位馬拉松跑者到了終點線才險勝他的對手)
Our company beat out several other rivals for the contract. (我們公司打敗幾個競爭對手,取得合約)

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abide by; add on; agree with; allow of; argue down

abide by +
遵守,遵循 (協議、決定或規章);信守 (承諾等)
Competitors must abide by the judge’s decision. (參賽者必須服從裁判的裁決)
I will abide by my promise. (我會遵守諾言的)

add * on +
附加
You have to add the VAT on to the price. (你必須把增值稅也算在價格內)

agree with +
(通常用於否定句或疑問句) 適合 (某人的身體或胃口);贊同 (某事);吻合,一致
I like lobsters but unfortunately they don’t agree with me. (我喜歡吃龍蝦,可惜吃了以後不舒服)
John doesn’t agree with giving money to beggars. (約翰不贊成給乞丐錢)
The verb agrees with its subject in number and person. (動詞在數和人稱方面必須與其主詞一致)

allow of +
容許;容許有 … 的可能
The rules don’t allow of any exceptions. (這些規定不容有任何例外)
The task is so urgent that it allows of no hesitation. (任務非常緊迫,不容遲疑)

argue * down
駁倒
I argued Jack down fiercely. (我狠狠地把傑克駁得無話可說)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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