Comic (adj., n.), comical (adj.)

當形容詞用時,comic 和 comical 雖在一些上下文中可以互換,但並非完全同義詞。

Comic 和 comical 均意為「滑稽的,好笑的」,但 comic 是指事先計畫好、有意使人發笑或產生娛樂「笑」果,而 comical 則是指無意間使人發笑或產生娛樂「笑」果,如 The play had comic moments. (這齣戲裡有一些搞笑的片段);The students gave a comic performance. (學生做了滑稽表演);Her comic songs did not raise a smile. (她的滑稽歌曲未使人發笑);The teacher wore a comical hat. (老師戴了一頂滑稽可笑的帽子);It was quite comical to see him sit there quietly. (看他靜靜地坐在那裡頗為好笑);a comical act (滑稽可笑的行為)。

此外,comic 還意為「喜劇的」(僅用於名詞之前),而這是 comical 所沒有的意思,如 He is a comic actor/writer. (他是喜劇演員/作家)。所以,從上述可知,a comic situation 和 a comical situation 的意思並不相同,前者是指事先經過安排的喜劇的情節,而後者是指無意間引發的滑稽可笑或好笑的場面或情況。

Comic 還可當名詞用,有兩個意思,一為「漫畫書」(= comic book。連環漫畫叫做 comic strip),如 I’ve read many comics (or comic books). (我已看了許多漫畫書);另一為「喜劇演員」(= comedian),如 His father is one of the world’s best-known comics (or comedians). (他父親是全世界最有名的喜劇演員之一)。

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