Consider 還是 regard 呢?

當 consider 意為「認爲;把…當作,把…視為」而 regard 意為「認為,看待;把…看作,將…認為」時,兩者皆不可使用進行式 (consider 意為「考慮」時才可使用進行式)。例如:

  • I consider her irresponsible. (我認為她不負責任) (正)
    I am considering her irresponsible. (誤)
  • Mary regards Jack’s achievement as unique. (瑪麗認為傑克的成就獨一無二) (正)
    Mary is regarding Jack’s achievement as unique. (誤)

就上述意思而言,consider 有下列幾種句型:

Consider + 受詞 (+ to be) + 名詞或形容詞片語。例如:

  • Randy is currently considered (to be) the best actor in Taiwan. (藍迪目前被認爲是台灣最出色的演員)
  • I consider Cindy to be right for the position. (我認爲辛蒂適合這個職位)

這個句型是 consider 最常發生錯誤的地方,許多人用 as 來代替 to be,這是一項重大錯誤。切記:Consider 不可跟 as 連用 (regard 才可與 as 連用)。例如:

  • Brant is considered to be an expert in horticulture. (布蘭特被認為是園藝專家) (正)
    = Brant is considered an expert in horticulture. (正)
    Brant is considered as an expert in horticulture. (誤)
  • We all consider him to be the most successful businessman in Taiwan. (我們都認為他是台灣最成功的商人) (正)
    = We all consider him the most successful businessman in Taiwan. (正)
    We all consider him as the most successful businessman in Taiwan. (誤)

Consider + (that) 子句。例如:

  • We consider that Professor Chen is not competent. (我們認為陳教授不適任)
  • Teresa considers (that) she should not help him. (泰瑞莎認爲她不應該幫他)

Consider + 受詞 + 不定詞;BE + considered + 受詞 + 不定詞。例如:

  • Most people consider the company to have the most advanced mobile technology. (大多數人都認為這家公司擁有最先進的行動技術)
  • It is considered bad manners to talk loudly in public transportation. (在大眾交通工具上大聲交談被認爲是不禮貌的)

Regard 經常與 as 連用來構成「regard (+ 受詞) + as + 名詞或形容詞片語」的句型。例如:

  • He is generally/widely regarded as an expert on criminal law. (他被普遍認為是刑法專家)
  • Professor Lin is generally regarded as one of the best teachers in the school. (林教授被普遍認為是該校最優秀的老師之一)
  • The government regards pay raise for the working class as a main priority. (政府把勞工加薪視為主要優先考慮事項)
  • Do you regard their customer services as good or bad? (你認為他們的客戶服務好還是不好?)
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