Do 和 make 後接名詞片語當受詞時的用法差異

Do 和 make 當及物動詞時都有「做;製作」的意思,當它們後接名詞 (片語) 當受詞時,do 著重於動作或做某事的過程,而 make 則強調動作的產物或結果。例如:

  • Betty did a very good math paper, but she still made two mistakes. (貝蒂的數學考卷答得很好,但還是有兩個地方錯誤)
  • When I was doing the cooking course, I made two chocolate cakes. (我在修烹飪課程時做了兩個巧克力蛋糕)

下列為與 do 和 make 連用或固定搭配的一些常用名詞 (片語):

DO: activity, business, cleaning, cooking, course, damage, drawing, duty, exam(ination), exercise, favor, gardening, harm, homework, ironing, job, laundry, one’s best, painting, shopping, task, test, washing (up), work 等。

  • My wife does her shopping on Wednesdays and Saturdays. (我太太每星期三和星期六去買東西/購物)
  • Mary hates to do the ironing. (瑪麗討厭燙衣服)
  • The divorce did a great deal of damage to his political career. (離婚對他的政治生涯造成極大的傷害)
  • I really should do/take more exercise. (我真的應該多運動)

MAKE: apology, assumption, bed, breakfast, cake, change, coffee, comment, complaint, dinner, effort, error, excuse, friends, guess, law, list, loss, love, lunch, mess, mistake, money, noise, offer, phone call, plan, profit, progress, promise, remark, sound, soup, speech, statement, tea 等。

  • John made an apology for his rudeness to me last night. (約翰為他昨晚對我粗魯無禮道歉)
  • He’s made an offer on a mansion in downtown Taipei. (他已出價購買台北市中心一棟豪宅)
  • Amy’s always making excuses for being late for school. (艾美總是為上學遲到找各種藉口)
  • He made a profit of five million dollars on his house. (他賣掉房子獲利五百萬元)