hold off; hold off on; hold on; hold on to; hold onto; hold out; hold out against; hold out for; hold out on; hold over; hold together

hold * off +
擋住;使不接近;阻止 (某人的攻擊或毆打)
Mr. Johnson held the dog off while we crossed the yard.
John couldn’t hold their opponents off and lost the game.

hold off
(雨或雪) 遲遲不下;壞天氣並未出現
The rain held off until we’d got back home.

hold off on +
延緩,拖延,推遲
We should hold off on making dinner until your parents arrive.

hold on
抓緊
Hold on tight! The roller coaster is about to take off.

hold on
(叫某人) 別掛斷電話,等候片刻;等待,等候
Hold on a minute. I’ll get Carol.
Could you hold on for a minute; she’ll be free in a moment.

hold on to +
抓緊
Make sure you hold on to the hand rail as you walk down the stairs.

hold onto +
(盡可能) 保留
I tried to hold onto my cash during the holiday so I could buy some duty free stuff on the way back.

hold onto +
抓緊
The mother held onto her daughter’s hand to keep together in the crowd.

hold out
抵抗;堅守;不屈服
Stop holding out and tell us where you found all of these old records.
When the enemy attacked, they held out for six weeks.

hold * out +
伸出 (手等)
I held out my hand when she walked in.

hold out against +
不屈服;抵抗,反抗
They held out against enemy attack.
The staff are holding out against the plans to reduce the workforce.

hold out for +
(因想得到更大或更好的利益而) 堅持要求
We are holding out for a much better deal than the one offered.

hold out on +
不付錢,不給錢;隱瞞,瞞著
He’s been holding out on me for weeks and I really need the money.

hold * over +
延後,推遲
The meeting has been held over till Friday.

hold * over +
使 (某事) 繼續
It has been so successful that they have held it over for another fortnight.

hold together
使 (物體) 結合在一起;(使) 團結 (起來)
The society managed to hold together despite the crisis.

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