語氣助動詞 – Might

Might 最常用來表示可能性。它也經常用於條件句 (might 係 may 在條件句中的用字)。雖然 might 亦可用來提出建議或請求,但這種用法在美式英語比較少見。

例句:

  • Kevin might be in the library, or perhaps at the dormitory. (凱文可能在圖書館,也有可能在寢室) - 可能性
  • If I didn’t have to go on a business trip, I might go to your birthday party. (如果我不必出差,我就可以參加你的生日派對) - 條件句
  • You might spend one hour every day studying English. (你可以每天花一小時學英文) - 建議
  • Might I use your computer? (我可以用你的電腦嗎?) - 請求

Might 的現在、過去和未來時態用法

大多數語氣助動詞的過去和未來時態都相當不規則。下表為 might 在不同上下文中的用法說明。

Might 的用法肯定句否定句你也可以用
可能性現在:He might post the dash cam video of plane crash in Taiwan on Facebook. I think he likes to flaunt his being infinitely resourceful. (他可能把台灣墜機的行車記錄器影片 PO 上臉書。我認為他喜歡炫耀他神通廣大)
過去:He might have posted the dash cam video of plane crash in Taiwan on Facebook. A few people have watched the video on the Facebook. (他可能已把台灣墜機的行車記錄器影片 PO 上臉書。有人已在臉書看過這支影片)
未來:He might post the dash cam video of plane crash in Taiwan on Facebook. I think he will take the opportunity to flaunt his being infinitely resourceful. (他也許會把台灣墜機的行車記錄器影片 PO 上臉書。我認為他會利用這個機會來炫耀他神通廣大)
現在:He might not post the dash cam video of plane crash in Taiwan on Facebook. I don't think he likes to flaunt his being infinitely resourceful. (他或許不會把台灣墜機的行車記錄器影片 PO 上臉書。我認為他不喜歡炫耀他神通廣大)
過去:He might not have posted the dash cam video of plane crash in Taiwan on Facebook. No one has watched the video on the Facebook. (他可能還沒把台灣墜機的行車記錄器影片 PO 上臉書。沒有人在臉書看過這支影片)
未來:He might not post the dash cam video of plane crash in Taiwan on Facebook. I don't think he will take the opportunity to flaunt his being infinitely resourceful. (他大概不會把台灣墜機的行車記錄器影片 PO 上臉書。我認為他不會利用這個機會來炫耀他神通廣大)
could, may
May 在條件句中的用字現在:If I had a lot of money, Mary might fall in love with me. (如果我很有錢,瑪麗可能會愛上我)
過去:If I had had a lot of money, Mary might have fallen in love with me. (如果我很有錢,瑪麗可能會愛上我)
未來:If I had a lot of money tomorrow, Mary might fall in love with me. Unfortunately, I probably won't have much money tomorrow. (如果我明天很有錢,瑪麗可能會愛上我。遺憾的是,我明天可能不會很有錢)
現在:Even if I had a lot of money, Mary might not fall in love with me. (即使我很有錢,瑪麗可能也不會愛上我)
過去:Even if I had had a lot of money, Mary might not have fallen in love with me. (即使我很有錢,瑪麗可能也不會愛上我)
未來:Even if I had a lot of money tomorrow, Mary might not fall in love with me. (即使我明天很有錢,瑪麗可能也不會愛上我。)
建議現在:沒有現在式。
過去:You might have accepted Tom's invitation to have dinner with him. (妳可以接受湯姆的邀請,跟他共進晚餐)
未來:You might accept Tom's invitation to have dinner with him. (妳可以接受湯姆的邀請,跟他共進晚餐)
現在:沒有現在式。
過去:過去式非常罕見。
未來:You might not want to accept Tom's invitation to have dinner with him. He's unattractive. (妳可以不要接受湯姆提出的跟他共進晚餐的邀請。他沒有魅力)
could
請求 (英式英語用法)Might I come in? (我可以進來嗎?)
Might I borrow your eraser? (我可以借你的橡皮擦嗎?)

請求通常指不久的將來。
否定式非常罕見。could, can, may

注意:“Might not” 和 “Could not” 的意思並不相同。Might not 意為「可能不;也許不」,而 Could not 意為「不可能」。

例句:

  • Cindy might not know how to solve the problem. (辛蒂可能不知道這問題的解決辦法)
  • Cindy could not know how to solve the problem. (辛蒂不可能知道這問題的解決辦法)
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