語氣助動詞 – Would

Would 最常用於條件句。它也用作 will 的過去式來表示「過去的未來式」(future in the past)。此外,would 亦可表示過去不斷重複或重複很多次的動作或情況。若要瞭解更多 would 在條件句及過去的未來式中的用法,請參閱「條件句」的文法教學、有關「過去的未來式」的文法問題與解答以及 Would Always 的用法說明。

例句:

  • If Rachel were rich, she would buy a plane. (如果瑞秋富有,她會買一架飛機) - 條件句
  • I knew that Sam would be very successful in his career. (我知道,山姆的事業將會飛黃騰達) - Will 的過去式 (過去的未來式)
  • I would always forget my homework, until the teacher threatened to punish me. (我過去老是忘了家庭作業,直到老師揚言要處罰我) - 過去不斷重複的動作或情況

Would 的主要用法

Would 的用法肯定句否定句你也可以用
條件句現在:If I were president, I would raise the minimum wage significantly. (如果我是總統,我會大幅提高基本工資)
過去:If I had been president, I would have raised the minimum wage significantly. (如果我是總統,我會大幅提高基本工資)
未來:If I were elected president next year, I would raise the minimum wage significantly. (如果我明年當選總統,我會大幅提高基本工資)
現在:If I were president, I would not raise taxes. (如果我是總統,我不會增稅)
過去:If I had been president, I would not have raised taxes. (如果我是總統,我不會增稅)
未來:If I were president, I would not sign the tax increase next week. (如果我是總統,下週我不會簽署增稅案)
Will 的過去式 (過去的未來式)My father said he would help me with the mortgage. (我父親說他會幫我還抵押貸款)
Sam told me he would be there before 9:00. (山姆對我說,他九點之前會到那裡)
My father said he wouldn't help me with the mortgage. (我父親說他不會幫我還抵押貸款)
Sam told me he would not be there before 9:00. (山姆對我說,他九點之前不會到那裡)
過去不斷重複的動作或情況When I was a kid, I would always go to my Grandma's house. (小時候我常去我外婆家)
When he was young, he would always go to clubs. (他年輕時常去夜店)
When I was a kid, I would rarely go to my Grandma's house. (小時候我很少去我外婆家)
When he got older, he would never go to clubs. (他在年紀稍大時就不去夜店了)
used to
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