Tolerance, tolerant

Tolerance 和 tolerant 一為名詞一為形容詞,前者意為「容忍,忍受;寬容」,後者意為「容忍的,寬容的」。Tolerance 後面可以接 for, of, to, towards 等介系詞 (若是接 to,則 tolerance 意為「忍受能力,耐久力」),但 tolerant 只能接介系詞 of。例如:

Her tolerance of his grouchiness is impressive. (她對他不平之鳴的容忍令人印象深刻)
He has no tolerance for criticism. (他無法容忍批評)
It is a country with a reputation for tolerance towards religious minorities. (那是個以對佔少數的宗教人士持寬容態度而聞名的國家)
Many old people have a very limited tolerance to cold. (許多老年人對寒冷的忍受力很差)
She has little tolerance to sunlight. (她對陽光沒什麼忍受力)
She is tolerant of his foibles. (她對他的小缺點持寬容態度)

Tolerant 的反義字為 intolerant,意為「不能容忍的;不容異議的;心胸狹窄的」,其後也是接介系詞 of。例如:

He is intolerant of any opposition. (他不能容忍任何反對意見)

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