後接受詞 + 不定詞的動詞

動詞 + 受詞 + 不定詞的句型有兩種情況,第一種情況為受詞 (名詞或受格代名詞) 是必要的,而第二種情況為受詞是選擇性的,可有可無。就第一種情況的動詞 + 受詞 + 不定詞句型而言,動詞部分包括亦可接動名詞當受詞的 advise, allow, encourage, permit, require, urge 等。


受詞為必要的動詞 + 受詞 + 不定詞句型

advise

I advised John to study abroad. (我建議約翰出國唸書)

allow

The manager doesn’t allow us to speak aloud. (經理不允許我們講話太大聲)

cause

The divorce caused him to begin abusing alcohol. (離婚使他開始酗酒)

convince

I convinced him to marry his daughter to my son. (我說服他把他女兒嫁給我兒子)

enable

Money from his father-in-law enabled Jason to buy the house. (岳父給傑森的錢使他有能力買下這棟房子)

encourage

Amy encouraged me to study abroad. (艾美鼓勵我出國留學)

force

I force myself to do exercise every day. (我強迫自己每天做運動)

get (使役動詞)

I couldn’t get them to understand what I was saying. (我沒辦法讓他們理解我說的事情)

hire

Paul hired a private detective to trace his wife. (保羅雇用一名私家偵探跟蹤他太太)

invite

Cindy invited all of us to take part in her birthday party. (辛蒂邀請我們所有人參加她的生日派對)

order

The police ordered the suspect to put his hands in the air. (警察命令嫌犯舉起雙手)

permit

Sarah won’t probably permit you to stay overnight at her house. (莎拉大概不會允許你在她家過夜)

remind

The professor reminded us to hand in our reports on time. (教授提醒我們準時交報告)

require

The agreement requires all parties to renounce the war of words. (協議要求所有黨派放棄口水戰)

tell

The teacher told us to shut up. (老師叫我們閉嘴)

urge

The mayor urges the citizens to recycle bottles and paper. (市長呼籲市民回收瓶子和廢紙)

warn

Richard warned his wife not to eat too much. (理查告誡他太太別吃太多)

advise

I advised studying abroad. (我建議出國唸書) / I advised John to study abroad. (我建議約翰出國唸書)

allow

The manager doesn’t allow speaking aloud. (經理不允許講話太大聲) / The manager doesn’t allow us to speak aloud. (經理不允許我們講話太大聲)

encourage

Amy encouraged studying abroad. (艾美鼓勵出國留學) / Amy encouraged me to study abroad. (艾美鼓勵我出國留學)

permit

Sarah won’t probably permit staying overnight at her house. (莎拉大概不會允許在她家過夜) / Sarah won’t probably permit you to stay overnight at her house. (莎拉大概不會允許你在她家過夜)

require

The agreement requires renouncing the war of words. (協議要求放棄口水戰) / The agreement requires all parties to renounce the war of words. (協議要求所有黨派放棄口水戰)

urge

The mayor urges recycling bottles and paper. (市長呼籲回收瓶子和廢紙) / The mayor urges the citizens to recycle bottles and paper. (市長呼籲市民回收瓶子和廢紙)


受詞為選擇性的動詞 + 受詞 + 不定詞句型

注意:就此句型而言,動詞可接不定詞或受詞 + 不定詞,亦即受詞是選擇性的,可有可無。然而,有無受詞,執行動作者往往是不同人。以下面第一個動詞 “ask” 為例,在第一個例句中,約翰詢問他本人是否可以離開 (要離開的人是約翰;換言之,不定詞 to leave 的主詞是 John),而在第二個例句中,約翰要求瑪麗離開 (要離開的人是瑪麗;換言之,不定詞 to leave 的主詞是 Mary),因此有無受詞的句意並不相同。

ask

John asked to leave. (約翰要求離開) / John asked Mary to leave. (約翰要求瑪麗離開)

choose

I chose to help Tony out. (我決定幫東尼一把) / I chose Paul to help Tony out. (我選定保羅來幫東尼一把)

expect

They expect to arrive in Japan early. (他們預料將提早抵達日本) / They expect the high-ranking official to arrive in Japan early. (他們預料這位高官將提早抵達日本)

need

I need to mop the floor every day. (我需要每天拖地板) / I need her to mop the floor every day. (我需要她每天拖地板)

prepare

We prepared to take the test. (我們為參加考試做準備) / We prepared him to take the test. (我們讓他做好準備參加考試)

promise

Kevin promised to quit smoking. (凱文答應要戒菸) / Kevin promised Monica to stop smoking. (凱文答應莫妮卡要戒菸)

註:promise 是這一句型的例外,因為主動詞 promised 和不定詞片語 to stop smoking 的主詞都是 Kevin Monica 這個間接受詞並非不定詞的主詞,亦即 Monica 並非要戒菸的人。

threaten

His wife threatened to leave forever. (他太太威脅要永遠離開) / His wife threatened him to leave forever. (他太太威脅他要永遠離開)

註:threaten 也是這一句型的例外,說明與 promise 同。

want

He wants to study French. (他想要學法文) / He wants his daughter to study French. (他要他女兒學法文)

wish (
want 同義)

I wish to stay a little longer. (我想要再多待一會兒) / I wish Tim to stay a little longer. (我想要提姆再多待一會兒) 這種句型非常罕見。

would like (
wish

want
同義)

The teacher would like to start now. (這位老師想要現在開始) / The teacher would like his students to start now. (這位老師想要他的學生現在開始)

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