At、on 和 in 後接地點的用法 (上)

At 可用來指位置或地點,意為「在…;在…裡;在…旁」。例如:

  • My girlfriend was already waiting at the gate when I got there. (當我到達那裡時,我女朋友已在大門口等候了)
  • Mary was sitting at her desk. (瑪麗坐在她的書桌前)
  • Gary’s sitting at the table in the corner. (蓋瑞坐在角落的一張桌子旁)
  • There’s a telephone booth/box at the crossroads. (十字路口有個電話亭) - 注意:crossroads 雖是複數型,但卻是個單數可數名詞。

At 可用來指在某家公司上班或在某個工作場所工作,但在某部門工作 (任職於某部門) 或在辦公室、辦事處、事務所等建築物工作,要用 in。某家公司的承包商或顧問,由於不是員工,一般都用 with。例如:

  • She works at Google. (她在谷歌上班)
    = She works for Google.
  • She works in the accounting department at Google. (她任職於谷歌的會計部門)
  • She works with Google as a consultant. (她擔任谷歌的顧問)
  • She should be at work by now. (她現在應該在上班) - at work (在上班)、go to work (去上班) 或 off work (沒上班) 中的 work 都意為「工作場所;上班的地方」。


At 可用來指提供美容美髮或醫療服務等的場所。在下面的例句中,「各行各業從業人員 + ‘s」是指各該從業人員的工作場所,為可數名詞。這大多是英式英語的用法。例如:

  • My wife has got a six o’clock appointment at the hairdresser’s (or salon or hairdressing salon). (我太太約好了六點鐘到美容院)
  • I’ve got a four o’clock appointment at the barber’s (or barbershop). (我約好了四點鐘到理髮店)
  • Frank’s at the dentist’s (or dental clinic) – he’ll be back soon. (法蘭克去看牙醫 - 他很快就會回來)
  • He was at the doctor’s (or clinic) this morning for a check-up. (他今天上午去診所做身體檢查)

At 可用來指有一群人參與活動的場所。例如:

  • We were at the cinema/movies last night when you called. (昨晚你來電時我們正在看電影) - the cinema (英) / the movies (美) 在此指「電影院」。
    但 He has worked in the cinema/movies all his life. (他一輩子都在電影業工作) - the cinema / the movies 在此指「電影業」。
  • Were you at Benjamin’s birthday party? (你有參加班傑明的生日派對嗎?)
  • Mrs. Jones isn’t here; she’s at/in a meeting. (瓊斯女士不在這兒,她在開會) - meeting 前面用 at 或 in 都可以。
  • We’ll be at his concert on Sunday. (我們週日要去聽他的演唱會)

At 可用來指上課、上學、就學、教書的場所,即各級學校,尤其校名前面一定要用 at。例如:

  • The kids will be at/in school until 4:00 today. (今天這些小孩要到四點才放學)
  • Is Amy in/at school today? (艾美今天有上學嗎?)
  • Paul always did well at school. (保羅在學期間成績一向良好)
  • Her daughter is still at school. (她女兒還在就學)
    - 學生上學或在學校上課可以用 at school 或 in school 來表示,但在學或就學中只能用 at school。「在課堂上」是 in class。
  • My son went to school with Peter. (我兒子和彼得唸同一所學校) (美)
    = My son was at school with Peter. (英)
    = My son went to the same school at the same time as Peter
  • Which university are you at? (你讀哪所大學?)
    = Which university do you go to?
    = Which university do you study at?
  • He studied at the University of Leeds. (他曾就讀里茲大學)
  • My wife and I met while we were at university. (我跟我太太是在讀大學時認識的)
  • I studied information engineering at college. (我大學唸資訊工程)
  • He teaches cookery at the local college. (他在當地一所學院教烹飪)
  • She teaches at the University of California, Berkeley (她任教於柏克萊加州大學)

At 可用來指大多數的商店。例如:

  • I stopped at the butcher’s (shop) on the way home from work to get some beef. (我下班回家的路上到肉販買了些牛肉)
  • Look what I bought at the supermarket today. (看看我今天在超市買了什麼)

At 可用來指地址。例如:

  • She lives at number 10 Downing Street. (她住在唐寧街10號 - 英國首相官邸)
  • He works at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. Washington, DC (他在華盛頓特區賓夕凡尼亞大道 1600 號工作 - 美國白宮地址)
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