tip off; tip over; tire of; tire out; toddle off; tone down; tool up; top off; top out; top up

tip * off +
給 (某人) 通風報信;向 (警察或當局) 告密
The police arrested the drug dealer after someone tipped them off.

tip * over +
(使) 翻倒
I tipped my coffee over and ruined my keyboard.

tire of +
對…感到厭煩;對…失去興趣
She soon tired of the course and dropped out.

tire * out +
使 (某人) 疲憊不堪,精疲力竭;把 (某人) 累垮
Speaking English all day tires me out.
Working so much tires me out.

toddle off
離開,離去;回家
It’s getting late, so I’m going to toddle off home.

tone * down +
降低…的嚴重性 (或冒犯性);緩和
The Minister tried to tone down what she had said when the press started attacking her.

tool * up +
提供所需的工具或設備
The company spent a lot on tooling the factory up.

tool * up +
提供武器;武裝 (自己或某人)
The gangsters got tooled up before they went into the club.

top * off +
(以某種方式) 結束,完成
Let’s top off this delightful evening with a drink.

top out
(數量、價格等) 上升到頂點,達到最高點
The temperature topped out at forty degrees yesterday.

top * up +
加滿,斟滿,添滿
Let me top up your drink, it’s half gone.

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sex up; shack up; shake down; shake off; shape up; shave off; shell out; ship off; ship out

sex * up +
使更有吸引力;美化資料或數據來使其更吸引讀者或聽眾
The government denied that they had sexed up the report to make the front page.

shack up
(未婚者與異性) 同居
They shacked up a few months after they started going out.

shack up
暫住
We had to shack up with friends while our house was being decorated.

shake * down +
搜查,搜索 (某人或某處)
The police shook the house down looking for drugs.

shake * down
敲詐;勒索
He shook the guy down with some story about needing the money for an operation.

shake * off +
痊癒
It took me ages to shake off the cough.

shape up
(正面地) 發展;好轉
Things are shaping up at work- everything’s going well again.

shape up
開始學好,規矩起來,進步;好好幹
If they don’t start shaping up, they’re going to lose their jobs.

shave * off +
刮掉 (毛髮);剃掉 (毛髮)
He has shaved off his moustache and looks much younger.

shave * off +
(少量,小額) 削減
He shaved a few thousand off the budget for the year.

shell * out +
(在…上) 花 (一大筆錢) — 尤其是當花錢者認為太貴時。
I had to shell out a hundred dollars on the dinner.

ship * off +
把 (某人) 送走 (通常是因為某人常出問題,而被送者通常不情願)
He was causing a lot of trouble, so they shipped him off to another branch.

ship * out +
運走
We shipped the order out two days ago.

ship out
離開 (某地)
If you’ve finished your work, I’m ready to ship out.

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run over; run through; run to; run up; run up against; run up on; run with; rush into

run over +
再次說明
Could you run over that point again; I’m afraid I didn’t quite understand it.

run * over +
(開車) 碾過,撞倒
The driver couldn’t stop in time and ran the fox over when it ran in front of his car.

run over
超出 (預期的時間)
The meeting ran over by twenty minutes.

run through +
練習;排演
The cast ran through the play the day before it opened to the public.

run * through
(用刀、劍等) 刺穿 (某人)
The musketeer ran his enemy through with a sword and killed him.

run to +
去找 (某人) (投訴、求援、指點等);求助於 (某人)
Whenever he gets into debt, he runs to his parents for help.

run to +
買得起;有足夠的錢購買 (某物) — 通常用於否定句
I don’t think we can run to a new mobile phone at the moment.

run up
迅速跑到某人所在的位置
He ran up next to me and started shouting.

run * up +
揚起,升起 (旗子等)
They ran up the Union Jack.

run * up +
匆匆地做成 (某物);趕製 (衣服);趕工建成 (某建築物)
He ran up a few examples for them to look at.

run * up +
積欠 (帳款或債務)
He ran up a lot of bills at the hotel.

run up against +
(通常指意外地) 遭遇,遇到 (問題,困難等)
They ran up against a lot of opposition to the construction.

run up on +
悄悄地接近 (某人)
Robert was sitting in his car and a guy ran up on him and shot through the car but missed.

run with +
與 (某人 — 通常是不好的傢伙) 為伍;與 (某人 — 通常是不好的傢伙) 交往或往來
She runs with some dodgy characters.

rush into +
倉促做;急忙做
They don’t want to be rushed into giving an answer and have asked for more time.

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pine away; pipe down; pipe up; pit against; pitch for; pitch in; pitch into; play along; play about/around; play at

pine away
因悲傷、壓力、擔心而憔悴;因疾病而衰弱
He’s been pining away since his wife died and is a shadow of his former self.

pipe down
安靜下來
The lecturer asked the students to pipe down and pay attention.

pipe up
開始說話;開始高聲說話
At first, no one answered, then finally someone piped up.

pit * against
較量,對抗;使較量,使對抗
The war pitted neighbor against neighbor.

pitch for +
爭取 (工作,交易,生意等)
He pitched for the job, but they gave it to someone else.

pitch in
一起做起來;參與、投入某活動
We were behind schedule, but the others pitched in and we got it done in time.

pitch into +
嚴厲批評 (某人);攻擊 (某人)
The shareholders pitched into the management about their pay rises at the meeting.

play along
(為了使某人高興或得到自己想要的東西而) 假裝同意或接受 (某人,某觀點等)
I disagreed with the idea but I had to play along because everyone else liked it.

play about/around
(尤指本該做其他事情時) 胡鬧,瞎搞
The children were play around and being annoying.

play at +
把…不當一回事;對 (某事) 敷衍了事
He just plays at being a lawyer- he never wins a case.

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lock yourself away; log in; log into; log off; log on; log out; look after; look back; look back on; look down on; look for; look forward to; look in; look in on; look into

lock yourself away +
到某個能獨自唸書或工作的地方
I lock myself away for a few weeks before exams.

log in
登入 (電腦系統)
I had forgotten my password and couldn’t log in.

log into +
登入 (電腦系統)
I logged into the staff intranet to check my email.

log off +
登出 (電腦系統)
When she’d finished working on the spreadsheet, she logged off and left the office.

log on +
登入 (電腦系統)
He entered his password for the college intranet and logged on.

log out
登出 (電腦系統)
Danny closed the programs and logged out when it was time to go home.

look after +
照顧,照料
When my sister goes on vacation, I look after her dog.

look back
回憶,回想,回顧
When we look back, we can now understand what caused the difficulty.

look back on +
回憶起,回想起
When I look back on my childhood, I often feel angry.

look down on +
輕視,看不起
She’s so conceited. She looks down on everybody else.

look for +
尋找 [通常用進行式]
I’m looking for my keys. Have you seen them?

look forward to +
(衷心) 企盼,期望,期待
I am looking forward to traveling to New York next year.

look in
(尤指某人生病或可能需要幫助時) 順路探訪,短暫拜訪
I’ll look in on my way home.

look in on +
(尤指某人生病或可能需要幫助時) 順路探訪,短暫拜訪
I’m going to look in on grannie on the way home tonight as she’s been a bit unwell recently.

look into +
調查,研究 (問題,罪行等)
The police are looking into the murder.

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hold off; hold off on; hold on; hold on to; hold onto; hold out; hold out against; hold out for; hold out on; hold over; hold together

hold * off +
擋住;使不接近;阻止 (某人的攻擊或毆打)
Mr. Johnson held the dog off while we crossed the yard.
John couldn’t hold their opponents off and lost the game.

hold off
(雨或雪) 遲遲不下;壞天氣並未出現
The rain held off until we’d got back home.

hold off on +
延緩,拖延,推遲
We should hold off on making dinner until your parents arrive.

hold on
抓緊
Hold on tight! The roller coaster is about to take off.

hold on
(叫某人) 別掛斷電話,等候片刻;等待,等候
Hold on a minute. I’ll get Carol.
Could you hold on for a minute; she’ll be free in a moment.

hold on to +
抓緊
Make sure you hold on to the hand rail as you walk down the stairs.

hold onto +
(盡可能) 保留
I tried to hold onto my cash during the holiday so I could buy some duty free stuff on the way back.

hold onto +
抓緊
The mother held onto her daughter’s hand to keep together in the crowd.

hold out
抵抗;堅守;不屈服
Stop holding out and tell us where you found all of these old records.
When the enemy attacked, they held out for six weeks.

hold * out +
伸出 (手等)
I held out my hand when she walked in.

hold out against +
不屈服;抵抗,反抗
They held out against enemy attack.
The staff are holding out against the plans to reduce the workforce.

hold out for +
(因想得到更大或更好的利益而) 堅持要求
We are holding out for a much better deal than the one offered.

hold out on +
不付錢,不給錢;隱瞞,瞞著
He’s been holding out on me for weeks and I really need the money.

hold * over +
延後,推遲
The meeting has been held over till Friday.

hold * over +
使 (某事) 繼續
It has been so successful that they have held it over for another fortnight.

hold together
使 (物體) 結合在一起;(使) 團結 (起來)
The society managed to hold together despite the crisis.

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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get on to; get on with; get onto; get out; get out of; get out!

get on to +
開始懷疑
It took the authorities a long time to get on to the gang.

get on with +
相處融洽;合得來
Do you get on with your neighbors?

get on with +
(中斷後) 繼續某一活動;(中斷後) 繼續做某事
Now that the police have left, let’s get on with the party!
She told us to get on with our work.

get onto +
開始討論 (某主題);開始談到 (某事物)
We didn’t get onto the third item on the agenda.

get onto +
當選為;被任命為 (…的委員)
He didn’t get onto the committee.

get onto +
上 (電視或電台)
He got onto every major channel after the accident.

get onto +
(口頭或書面 — 尤指透過電話) 與 (某人) 聯繫
We’d better get onto someone to fix this.

get onto +
上 (飛機、火車等)
She got onto the plane just before it took off.

get out
外出;出去;離開 (某空間)
She doesn’t get out much now she has her baby.

get out
(秘密、消息等) 洩漏,走漏
How did the news of his appointment get out before it was officially made known?

get out
離開 (某地方);走出去,走出來;逃脫
The dog got out because I left the door open.

get * out
(從儲放處、隱藏處或停放處) 拿出,取出;把 (車) 開出來
I got the car out so that we could load up the suitcases.

get * out
清除 (班點、污垢、污跡、不想要的東西)
I spilled some red wine on my carpet and can’t get the stains out.

get * out
出版;印刷;發行
We have to get the report out by the end of the month.

get * out +
竭力說出;用力發出 (聲音)
He was so upset he couldn’t get the words out.

get out of +
逃避做不喜歡的事情;不必承擔 (責任、職責、義務等)
I said I wasn’t feeling well and got out of the extra work.

get out of +
下車;下船;離開 (某一圍牆或籬笆高築的區域)
I fell into the water when I tried to get out of the canoe.
We got out of the taxi and paid the driver.

get out of +
停止 (某經常性的活動);戒掉、戒除 (某習慣)
If you get out of a routine, it can be hard to start again.

get * out of
從 (某人口中) 盤問出;從 (某人處) 探聽出
The police couldn’t get any information out of him.

get * out of
從 (某人處) 獲得 (某物)
Did you get a refund out of the travel agency?

get * out of
從 (某事) 獲得樂趣 (或獲益)
She’s getting a lot out of her university course.

get * out of
幫助 (某人) 逃避 (做某事)
I got him out of having to work at the weekend.

get out!
不會吧! (美國口語,僅用於祈使句,用來表示驚訝或不相信)
“I got 100% on the test.” “Get out!

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fit in; fit into; fit up; fix up; fizzle out; flag down; flag up; flake out; flame out; flame up

fit in
適應;適合;(跟…) 合得來
I didn’t fit in with the other people working there so I left and found another job.

fit * in +
(有足夠的時間) 應付,處理,做某事;(有足夠的空間) 可以容納,裝得下
I didn’t have time to fit in another appointment.

fit into +
(使) 適合,(使) 符合
Their ideas didn’t fit into our plans.

fit * up +
陷害;給 (某人) 羅織罪名
The police fitted him up for dealing drugs.

fit * up
裝備,裝設
They fitted us up with the latest IT.

fix * up +
修復,裝修,翻新 (房子)
My neighbors are fixing their house up.

fix * up +
安排;為…作安排
He fixed up an appointment for me to see a specialist.

fizzle out
最終失敗;終成泡影;毫無結果 (尤指順利開始以後)
The campaign started well, but fizzled out when they ran out of money.

flag * down +
揮旗或揮手示意…停車 (或…車停下來);招手攔 (車)
The police officer flagged the car down because it didn’t have its headlights on.

flag * up +
提出 (某問題);凸顯 (某問題的重要性)
We should flag up working conditions at the meeting.

flake out
累得睡著了;(因疲倦而) 很快入睡
I worked till midnight then flaked out.

flame out
(公司、企業等) 倒閉
The company flamed out in the recession.

flame up
熊熊燃燒;燒得更旺
The wood flamed up in the fire.

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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drown in; drown out; drum into; drum out; drum up; duck out of; duff up; dumb down; dwell on/upon

drown * in
淹沒;浸沒
They drown the food in sauce.

drown * out +
(聲音) 壓過,蓋過
The music drowned out the sound of the phone ringing.

drum * into
強行灌輸,反覆教導
They drum all the traps into you before the test, so you can’t go wrong.

drum * out
轟走,開除,強迫某人離職
They drummed the minister out when she was caught lying.
The minister was drummed out of her post for lying. (與 of 連用的被動態比較常用)

drum up +
爭取;招攬
They are trying to drum up support for the referendum.

duck out of +
避開;逃避 (計畫做或答應做的事情)
He ducked out of helping us last night.

duff * up +
痛毆,痛打,不斷地毆打
He was duffed up in a night club last night.

dumb * down +
使…過於簡單化;(為了大眾化而) 降低素質
Television has been dumbing down the news for years.

dwell on/upon +
老是惦記著;喋喋不休地談論
The programme dwelled on little other than the scandal.
She dwelt upon the economic situation in her speech.

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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chew out; chew over; chew up; chicken out; chill out; chime in; chip away at; chip in; choose up

chew * out +
斥責,責備
They chewed him out for being late.

chew * over +
仔細考慮;反覆思考 (某問題等)
He asked for a few days to chew the matter over before he made a final decision.

chew * up +
咬碎,咬壞,啃壞
The dog chewed up my shoe.

chew * up +
(在機器裡面) 弄壞,破壞 (某物)
The video chewed my CD up.

chicken out
畏縮不前;膽怯而半途退縮
I chickened out of the bungee jumping when I saw how high it was.

chill out
放鬆 (一下)
I’m staying at home and chilling out this evening.

chime in
插嘴 (表示同意某人)
If it’s OK, I’d like to chime in because I think it’s a good idea.

chip away at +
削弱;一點一點地破壞
They have been chipping away at his reputation ever since he took office.

chip in
湊錢 (捐獻,捐助)
Everybody chipped in to pay the bill.

chip in
插嘴
If I could chip in, there are a couple of issues I’d like to raise.

choose up
組團;組隊
We chose up to play the game.

choose * up +
組團;組隊
We chose up teams before the game.

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