介系詞的固定搭配

在「介系詞片語」一文中,我們談到不及物動詞由於不能直接接受詞,因此其後往往會使用與其固定搭配或習慣搭配的介系詞,然後再接受詞,而這種由「動詞 + 介系詞」(兩者不可分開) 結構所形成的動詞就叫做「介詞動詞」(prepositional verbs)。

介系詞的固定搭配 (preposition collocations) 主要有三種,一是形容詞與介系詞的搭配,另一是動詞與介系詞的搭配,第三種則是名詞與介系詞的搭配,其中可能以「動詞 + 介系詞」搭配的數量最多。必須注意的是,在介詞動詞中,動詞與介系詞不可分開,但在動詞與介系詞的搭配中,有些則可以分開。另外,本文所列出的例子只是介系詞固定搭配的一小部分而已。

形容詞 + 介系詞

Accustomed to
Allergic to
Amazed at/by
Appreciated for
Comfortable with/in
Confronted with
Connected with/to
Cruel to
Curious about
Fascinated by
Furnished with
Limited to
Married to
Polite to
Sensitive to
Slow at
Suitable for
Sure of

以下為最常見的形容詞 + 介系詞型態。

  • Aware, full + of
    The students weren’t aware of the time. (這些學生並不知道時間)
  • Different, separate + from
    Is Spanish very different from French? (西班牙語和法語有很大不同嗎?)
  • Due, similar + to
    This painting is similar to the one in our living room. (這幅畫和我們客廳裡的畫很相似)
  • Familiar, wrong + with
    What’s wrong with Kevin? (凱文怎麼了?)
  • Good, surprised + at (surprised 亦可接 by)
    We were very surprised at the result. (我們對這個結果感到非常驚訝)
  • Interested + in
    He didn’t seem very interested in what I was saying. (他似乎對我說的話不怎麼感興趣)
  • Responsible, good + for
    Peter is directly responsible for the efficient running of the office. (彼得直接負責辦公室的有效運作)
  • Worried, excited + about
    They don’t seem particularly worried about the situation. (他們似乎並不特別擔心這種情況)

動詞 + 介系詞

動詞 + to

Adapt to
Add to
Agree to
Apologize to
Belong to
Consent to
Devote to
Happen to
Lead to
Listen to
Object to
React to
Refer to
Reply to
Speak to
Talk to
Turn to

動詞 + for

Admire for
Apologize for
Apply for
Ask for
Blame for
Care for
Head for
Long for
Pay for
Pray for
Scold for
Search for
Wait for
Wish for
Work for

動詞 + from

Borrow from
Hide from
Infer from
Recover from
Rescue from
Resign from
Stem from
Suffer from

動詞 + at

Aim at
Look at
Smile at
Stare at

有關動詞與介系詞的搭配,請參考「介系詞片語」一文對介詞動詞與片語介詞動詞所做的說明。

至於名詞與介系詞的固定搭配,我們會有一篇文章來加以說明。

將本文加入書籤.

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